Affidavit in Support of Motion to Dismiss Criminal Charges for Failure to Grant Show Cause Hearing
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Show-cause hearings occur when the alleged victim of a crime or the police files an Application for a Criminal Complaint with the court. After an application has been filed, the court will send the defendant a notice in the mail requesting him or her to appear before a clerk-magistrate in a criminal show-cause hearing. At a show-cause hearing, the complaining party must produce evidence demonstrating "probable cause" that the defendant committed the crime. The hearing has three possible outcomes: 1) the complaint is dismissed; 2) the complaint is issued, or 3) the complaint is continued.
If the complaining party fails to show probable cause, the complaint will be dismissed. This means that no charges will be filed against the defendant and neither the application nor the hearing outcome will appear on the defendants criminal record.
If probable cause is shown, the clerk-magistrate may decide that the complaint be issued. If the complaint is issued, the defendant will be arraigned in the district court. At arraignment the defendant will be formally charged with a crime and may be provided court-appointed counsel if he or she is financially eligible. Issuance of the complaint is not a determination of guilt or innocence, but the charges will appear on the defendants criminal record.
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