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What is a civil action? A civil action is an action that is brought to enforce, redress or protect a private or civil right. It is a noncriminal litigation. If the action is brought by a private person it is termed as private action. If it brought by the government it is termed as public action.
How does a civil action differ from a criminal action? Civil cases usually involve private disputes between persons or organizations. Criminal cases deal with acts considered to be harmful to society as a whole. A civil lawsuit is a lawsuit based on non-criminal statutes, such as disputes involving accidents or contracts. Civil suits typically seek to recover money damages or allow/disallow certain acts, rather than to imprison or punish a person. Because of the potential loss of liberty and personal rights involved, the standard of evidence in criminal cases is higher than in civil cases.
What are examples of civil actions??
Examples of civil actions include, among others:
-Personal injury claims based on the negligent acts of others that cause harm to others, such automobile accidents.
-Breach of contract actions, based upon the failure of a party to live up to the terms of a contract.
-Requests for injunctive relief, which ask the court to require an individual or entity to do or not do a specific action. It must be proven that without the injunction, harm will occur which cannot be remedied by money damages.