West Virginia Small Claims Forms - Wv Small Claims Court Forms

West Virginia Small Claims Court FAQ Small Claims Court Wv

Who hears the claims in small claims court?

In small claims court, the trial is an informal hearing before a judge. There is no jury and the plaintiff presents his or her evidence and witnesses. The defendant is also responsible for presenting his or her witnesses. After hearing both sides of the dispute, the judge will render a verdict based on the law and the facts presented.

Who may file a claim in small claims court?  An individual, partnership or corporation (or LLC) may file a claim against another individual(s), partnership or corporation (LLC) in small claims court, if jurisdiction exists to hear the claim, if the amount of the claim does not exceed the statutory limits.

What must I do before I file a claim?  Before you file a claim, get the facts straight so you can complete the forms correctly and answer any questions court personnel may need to know. Be sure to obtain the correct legal name of the defendant, correct address and place/address of employment. If the defendant is a corporation or LLC you would use the legal corporate or LLC name as the defendant. 

How do I file a claim?  The plaintiff or the plaintiff's attorney should go to the small claims division of the district court in the particular county where the person or business to be sued has an office or is domiciled and file a Statement of  Claim Form. The plaintiff is responsible for furnishing the court with the correct and complete address of the defendant. The clerk will assign the plaintiff a case number and this number must be used whenever contacting the court concerning the particular case. A filing fee is required at the time the claim is filed. If the plaintiff cannot afford to prepay the fee at the time of the filing, he or she can submit an Affidavit of Substantial Hardship and request that the judge delay the payment. 

Who serves the defendant with summons or process and how is the defendant served?  The clerk of the court will issue a summons ordering the defendant to appear in court. The summons and the complaint must be served on the defendant. The summons and the complaint may be served by certified or registered mail. If the court provides this service, there may be an additional fee. If the defendant cannot be served using these methods, the precinct constable or any registered private process server will serve the summons and complaint for a fee. 

How are hearings scheduled? The clerk of the court will provide you with the procedure to set the case for trial or hearing at the time you file your claim. 

May I subpoena witnesses? If witnesses are required, but unwilling to attend the hearing unless they are subpoenaed, you may obtain a subpoena issued by the court clerk for service on the witness. The subpoena is an order for the witness to appear at the hearing to testify. Some employer may require that an employee be subpoenaed in order to be excused from work. 

What are the trial procedures? The trial procedure is generally more informal than other courts. The case will usually be called in open court and you will respond that you are present and ready to proceed. You will then be advised when to present your claim. Be prepared to present your claim in your own words. Be prepared to question witnesses if witnesses are needed. 

What happens if the defendant does not appear at trial?  If the defendant does not appear at trial, a default judgment will be entered in the plaintiff's favor for the amount of the claim or other relief. After judgment is obtained and the appeal time has expired, the plaintiff may seek to collect the judgment by acceptable means of collection. 

What are the common forms used in small claims court?  Common forms used in small claims court are:

  • Claim Statement/Complaint
  • Summons
  • Return of Summons
  • Answer
  • Subpoena
  • Abstract of Judgment

What Is a Small Claims Court?

A small claims court is a special type of court where people can resolve their disputes in a simple and quick way without needing to hire a lawyer. In Virginia, the small claims court is a place where individuals can bring their legal issues that involve relatively small amounts of money, usually up to $5,000. It's designed to be accessible to everyone, with simplified rules and procedures, allowing people to present their case directly to a judge in a straightforward manner. It provides a way for individuals to resolve conflicts and seek justice in a more affordable and efficient manner.


Why File a Small Claims Case?

People file small claims cases for various reasons. One common reason is to resolve disputes involving small amounts of money or property damage. Filing a small claims case can help individuals seek justice and collect what they are owed. In Virginia, small claims court offers an accessible and straightforward process for resolving these types of disputes. It provides an opportunity for individuals to present their case in a less formal setting without needing expensive legal representation. Additionally, small claims court in Virginia has specific jurisdictional limits, allowing individuals to handle their cases quickly and efficiently. Overall, filing a small claims case in Virginia can be a practical way to resolve small-scale legal disputes.


Small Claims Court Limits for Each State

Small claims court limits vary from state to state, indicating the maximum amount of money that can be sought in a small claims case. In Virginia, the small claims court limit is $5,000. This means that if you have a disagreement or dispute involving a sum of money up to $5,000, you can generally take it to small claims court. It provides an accessible and cost-effective option for individuals or small businesses to resolve their disputes without the need for an expensive and lengthy lawsuit. It's a great way to seek justice for smaller claims quickly and without any complicated legal jargon.


Small Claims Demand Letter Example

A small claims demand letter is a written document that you can send to someone who owes you money or has damaged your property in Virginia. This letter is a way to ask for prompt payment or for them to fix the damage. It is important to keep the letter clear, concise, and polite. You should clearly state the facts of the situation, including the amount owed or the damage caused. Also, make sure to include a deadline for them to respond or take action. Remember to keep a copy of the letter for your records, as it may be needed if you decide to escalate the matter to small claims court.


Filing a Small Claims Case in 5 Steps

Filing a Small Claims Case in Virginia can be done in 5 simple steps. First, gather all the necessary information and evidence to support your claim. This includes details about the incident, any agreements or contracts involved, and any relevant documents or photographs. Next, determine the proper jurisdiction and venue in Virginia where you should file your case. Then, fill out the required forms, which usually include a complaint form and a summons. Make sure to provide clear and concise information about your claim. After completing the forms, file them with the appropriate small claims court in Virginia, paying the necessary filing fees. Finally, serve the defendant with the documents, typically through personal service or certified mail, ensuring that they receive proper notice of the lawsuit. Following these steps can help you navigate the process of filing a small claims case in Virginia successfully.